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Sonar Board Installation

There are two versions of Magni. The Silver version comes with a sonar short range obstacle avoidance system, and the Gold version (not yet available) adds an IR long range obstacle avoidance package. Both versions come with a Raspberry Pi Camera as well as a sonar board.

Disconnect the RED battery cable from the batteries and wait 2 minutes so high voltage and current is not going to the main board

Sonar Board Cable And Camera Assembled

The picture below shows the Raspberry Pi camera in the forward orientation and the cable to the Sonar board included with Magni Silver. This is a very popular configuration for Magni.

Magni Sonar To Mcb With Camera

Attach and Enable The Sonar Board

Below is a picture of the Sonar board included with Magni Silver configuration. This section will show how the Sonar Board is mounted on tall standoffs and a 50-pin ribbon cable is then attached. The sonar board is included in the large box for a Magni Silver but is not attached to the robot prior to shipment. Be careful to avoid the need to often re-bend the sonars if they bump something because the pins can only be bent and re-bent a limited number of times.

Magni Sonar Board

Raspberry Pi 4 Issues With Sonar board

We have found serious issues with using a Raspberry Pi 4 in combination of the Sonar board. These come from fundamental architectural changes in how the GPIO lines are implemented on the Pi4.

If your unit has a Pi4 then this fix is required for Images we supply up through 2020. This is a very high priority issue. Certain workarounds had been found in mid 2020 but they seem to no longer work. If your raspberry Pi is a Pi 3 you do not need to do this nor should you do this process!

Here is what must be done to make the Sonar board work with a Raspberry Pi 4 CPU.
Obtain and burn a fresh image using our 2020-11-07 image located on our Download Page

To do this fix you will need to have the Magni connected to your own Wifi so that the robot can gain access to the internet and apply these fixes. You would use an SSH session to the robot and to assist in that setup see this page: Connecting the Robot to Your Network

We will fix this in a new image as soon as possible as a high priority but until then this is the process.

From an SSH session to the robot that has internet access use these commands

sudo systemctl stop magni-base
cd catkin_ws/src
git clone https://github.com/UbiquityRobotics/pi_sonar
cd pi_sonar
git checkout daemon_pigpio
cd ~/catkin_ws
catkin_make               (This will take a couple minutes)
sudo systemctl enable pigpiod
sudo shutdown -r now      (This will reboot the robot)

You may now setup the robot to enable the sonar board as part of our normal sonar board install that continues below

Enable Sonar Board To Run in robot.yaml file

The Magni software must be configured to enable usage of the sonar board. You must edit the robot.yaml file as root user then modify the file.

sudo nano /etc/ubiquity/robot.yaml

Make an edit so the only uncommented line with sonars: in it is as shown below. Be sure to edit the line with sonars: none so the line starts with a pound sign and is thus a comment.

Remove the # from the line that will enable the sonar software and note there must be a space after the colon or it will not work.

sonars: 'pi_sonar_v1'

The Sonar board is mounted to the chassis using just 4 standoffs. Only the two standoffs to the sides that will have large pads with holes on the sonar board for 3mm standoffs are to be used. This description will show the 2 standoffs on the right but two other standoffs on the left also at the 45 degree angle are used as well.

If you get your robot with a standoff screwed into the front top bar of the robot in the middle location REMOVE THAT STANDOFF because it will cause a SHORT CIRCUIT to parts in the middle of the Sonar board. The middle standoff is used ONLY for a board that sits below the Sonar board

The standoffs and the M3 screws are shown below for reference.

Magni Standoff Reference

The 4 standoffs screw into the fixed nuts on the chassis. The picture below shows the 2 standoff locations on right and the 2 on the left. Center standoff is NOT used.

There is also no need to load the large fuse on the back of the board for just the Sonar board and we recommend removing F701 if it is loaded for when you only have the Sonar board (Up to 2020 that was always the case). The fuse allows 24V to get routed to other boards that sometimes can sit below the sonar board but it is best safety to just remove that fuse.

Magni Sonar Board Standoffs

Below is shown the right side of the sonar board fully mounted using the M3 standoffs and M3 screws from the top.

Magni Sonar Board Mounted On Standoffs

The ribbon cable is then inserted into the main Magni board as shown in the picture below where it will be plugged into the Sonar board as the final step.

Magni Sonar Board Cable From Main Pc Ready

Be sure the 50 pin ribbon cable is fully inserted into both the main Magni board as well as the Sonar board. It can be held up due to being tight or having bent pins. Notice how far they should go into the jacks, about 5mm or so, as shown from the side in the picture below and also shown as first picture on this page.

Magni Sonar Board Cable From Main Pc Ready

LED1 is for the wifi but if you do not see that start to blink within around 15 seconds after a fresh power up case there may be something not connected on the 50 pin cable.

Lastly attach the cover plate with 6 M6 screws using an M4 Allen wrench. You are done, hooray!